Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) or Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)
Children with this disorder may demonstrate difficulties in speech, language, and/or learning, especially in the areas of spelling and reading. They may also appear hearing impaired, be inattentive, easily distractible, and have difficulty following oral directions. Kidshealth defines and provides resources for parents of children with CAPD in addition to resources from the American Speech Language Hearing Association.
A list of some common issues:
- Poor language discrimination or comprehension, often hears the wrong word
- Lack of interest in verbalization and communication
- Hyper-acute and/or painful hearing
- complaints of sounds causing pain or discomfort
- noise or tinnitus in the ear
- startle responses to loud noises
- Inappropriate vocal intensity (volume)
- Inappropriate expression and interaction
- Poor eye contact
- Poor academic performance
- Impulsivity and restlessness
- Lack of independence and self-esteem
Diagnosis of CAPD can be evaluated by an audiologist and speech/language therapist.